New Shoreham is located on Block Island, an island off the coast of Rhode Island. It is the smallest town in the state, with a population of just over 1,000 people. The town is known for its scenic views of the Atlantic Ocean, as well as its historic downtown area, with many quaint shops and restaurants. The town is also home to the Block Island National Wildlife Refuge, which includes a variety of habitats, including salt marshes, ponds, and woodland areas. A popular activity in New Shoreham is to take a tour of the island by bike or on foot, taking in the views and exploring the many trails and paths that crisscross the island.