Burrillville is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. The population at the 2010 census was 15,955. It derives its name from 19th-century United States senator James Burrill, Jr. The town is located in northwestern Rhode Island, north of the city of Providence. It is the home of the historic Nipmuc Village (now a part of the Northern Rhode Island Chamber of Commerce), which was once a flourishing Indian village. Today, Burrillville is a rural town, with much of its land devoted to dairy farming, woodlots, and other uses. The town is home to several recreational and historic sites, including the historic village of Harrisville, the historic village of Wallum Lake, and the Arcadia Management Area. The town also has many lakes, including Wallum Lake and Spectacle Pond, which provide fishing, boating, and swimming opportunities for residents and visitors.